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At the proposal of the Cusco Regional Government, and in a joint effort between the Ministry of Environment (Minam), through the National Service of Natural Areas Protected by the State (Sernanp), the regional conservation area (RCA) Chuyapi Urusayhua was established this week.
Located in the districts of Echarati, Vilcabamba and Santa Ana, in the province of La Convención, Chuyapi Urusayhua seeks to ensure the conservation of the two ecoregions, six ecological floors and 12 ecological systems associated with the Urusayhua mountain and the upper part of the Chuyapi basin; as well as the biological diversity they harbor, guaranteeing the provision of ecosystem services for the benefit of local populations and contributing to the mitigation of climate change.
The park covers 80,190.78 hectares and conserves the ecoregions of the humid highlands of the central Andes and the Peruvian yungas, the latter of which is considered one of the most fragile ecoregions in Peru due to factors such as deforestation and forest fires.
The Chuyapi Urusayhua RCA is also home to three priority conservation areas for the country: the Cumpirushiato River-Cushireni River-Cirialo River, the Vilcabamba River, and the La Convención Valley Savannah Forest.
There are 936 species of flora in the area, 25 of which are in some state of conservation by national and international legislation, such as romerillo, walnut, cedar, and quina.
It is also home to 82 species of mammals, 412 birds, 30 amphibians, and 22 reptiles, among which species endemic to Peru and characteristic of the cloud forest have been identified, such as the cock of the rock, spider monkey, spectacled bear, puma, jaguarundi, dull guan, and blue-headed macaw, among others.
Their recognition also ensures the conservation of important ecosystem services such as air quality regulation, carbon sequestration as a climate change mitigation measure, water supply in quality and quantity by conserving headwaters, as well as the supply of medicinal plants and timber forest species for the benefit of local populations.
Five watersheds are located within this RCA alone: Cirialo, San Miguel, Cushireni, Vilcabamba and Chuyapi, the latter of which provides quality water to the population of Quillabamba, with more than 46,000 users of the drinking water network.
In addition to this natural wealth, Chuyapi Urusayhua also protects cultural values related to the Urusayhua mountain, which is considered the tutelary Apu of La Convención. The establishment of this new RCA was also supported by Conservación Amazónica (ACCA), the Provincial Municipality of La Convención, the Peruvian Society of Environmental Law (SPDA) and the Andes Amazon Fund (AAF).
© Copyright 2019-2021